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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-22

Study of the association between scapular position and mobile phone usage in college students: An observational descriptive study

P.T. School and Centre, T.N.M.C and B.Y.L Nair Charitable Hospital, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tanvee Vora
9/202, Shakti Nagar, Dahisar (East), Mumbai - 400 068
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/PJIAP.PJIAP_28_18

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INTRODUCTION: Scapula forms the basis of upper-extremity posture, and any alteration in the position of the scapula is a predisposing factor for musculoskeletal aches and pain. STUDY OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to find the association between scapular position and mobile phone usage in college students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was a cross-sectional correlation study conducted at a tertiary care government hospital. On receiving approval by the Institutional Ethics Committee, participants of both genders between the age group of 18–25 years and using mobile phones for at least more than 1 year were included in the study. Participants were screened for their mobile phone usage using the Problematic Mobile phone usage questionnaire (PMPUQ) with due permission received from the original author of the scale, and their scapular region pain was assessed using Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). All participants were assessed for their scapular position using lateral scapular slide test (LSST) and acromion to table test. RESULTS: Data were analyzed using SPSS 16.0 version. As the data did not pass normality, nonparametric test of correlation, i.e., Spearman's bivariate correlation test, was applied. No significant correlation with P > 0.05 was found between problematic mobile phone usage score (PMPUQ) and pain (NRS), and no significant correlation was found with P > 0.05 between problematic mobile phone usage score and acromion to table test bilaterally and LSST for inferior angle at 0°, 45°, and 90° position. CONCLUSION: This showed that pain in the scapular region was not related to an individual's mobile phone use and can have various other contributory factors.

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