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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 89-92

Gender differences in pain perception during experimentally induced pain: An observational study

1 Department of Physiotherapy, Laxmi College of Physiotherapy, Mangalore, India
2 Department of Rehabilitation Research, JSS College of Physiotherapy, Dunedin, New Zealand
3 Centre for Health, Activity, and Rehabilitation Research (CHARR), University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Muhammed Rashid
JSS College of Physiotherapy, JSS Hospital Campus, MG Road, Agrahara, Mysuru - 570 004, Karnataka
New Zealand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/pjiap.pjiap_30_21

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BACKGROUND: There are multiple biopsychosocial mechanisms which influence the pain responses between genders. Even though there are enough literature that describe the perception of pain, no consensus has made which gender is more sensitive or tolerance to pain. The study evaluates the difference in pain threshold (PThr), pain tolerance (PTol), and intensity of pain between individuals of both genders and to find which gender is more sensitive to pain. METHODOLOGY: The study was conducted on 106 participants (53 males and 53 females) with age 18–25 years. The participants had undergone cold-induced test (CIT) and tourniquet pressure test (TPT). The PThr, PTol, and pain intensity were recorded and the data were analyzed by Mann–Whitney test. RESULTS: The results also found a significant difference in PThr between both genders (P = 0.001). However, males have taken longer time to perceive PThr in both TPT and CIT as compared to females. In the case of PTol, females had a less tolerable level of both TP and CIT as compared to males. CONCLUSION: The differences in the pain perception between genders can vary greatly because of different factors, thus we can say that males have higher PThr and PTol than females.

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